Causes of Urinary Tract Infections in Men
Causes of urinary tract infections in men and women is caused by bacteria from the digestive system that enter the urethral tract. Most cases of UTI are caused by Escherichia coli bacteria that generally live in the colon. It is thought that these bacteria enter the urethra due to lack of proper cleansing after defecation or small, for example if the toilet paper used to clean the anus also touches the genital organs. That’s when the bacteria can enter the urinary tract. In such cases, women are more susceptible to UTI because the urethral distance with the anus is closer than that of the male body.
UTIs can also be caused by irritation after sexual intercourse and due to disruption of urine discharge performance by certain conditions. Urine that lasts too long inside the bladder allows the bacteria to multiply.
The following are groups of people at risk of UTI:
- Patients with kidney stones and men who have swelling of the prostate gland – both of these conditions can block the emptying of the urine from the bladder. This causes the urine to last longer and allows the bacteria to multiply.
- Catheter or urine apparatus
- Born with urinary tract disorders – have abnormalities in the urinary tract structure so that the urinary discharge system is compromised or causes urine to accumulate in the urethra. Patients with this condition are at risk of exposure to UTI.
- Women – this is because the length of the female urethra is shorter than the male urethra, so that the incoming bacteria can more easily reach the bladder. In addition, women who are sexually active are also more susceptible to UTIs.
- Menopausal women – a lack of estrogen levels after menopause leads to changes in the environment of the urinary tract so that bacteria can multiply easily in the vagina or urethra.
- Women who use diaphragm contraceptives – this type of contraceptive can suppress the urethra and interfere with the performance of urine emptying.
- Women whose partners use spermicide–coated condoms – these substances can kill good bacteria so that bad bacteria will easily multiply and cause infection.
- Women who are pregnant
- The new person performs the procedure of operation on his urinary tract
- People whose immune systems are low