Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes – Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas organ in the patient’s body does not produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels within normal limits. Other causes are body cells that become insensitive or insulin-less known as insulin resistance.
Blood sugar levels are usually controlled by the hormone insulin produced by the pancreas. Insulin serves to move the sugar from the blood to the cells of the body that will turn it into energy.
There are a number of factors behind the lack of insulin production in type 2 diabetes. Some of these risk factors include:
- Age factor. The risk of type 2 diabetes will increase with age. This may be triggered by weight gain and reduced exercise frequency as we get older. This type of diabetes generally attacks people aged 40 years and over. The risk of Asian ethnicity even high, ie at the age of 25 years and over.
- Influence of hereditary factors. Having family members (especially nuclear families like father, mother, and siblings) who have diabetes will also increase your risk. The risk for children with fathers or mothers with type 2 diabetes is also a third higher for diabetes.
- The Impact of Weight. The risk of type 2 diabetes is higher in people who are overweight and obese. Measuring your waist to check the fat piles in this section is the fastest way to measure your diabetes risk. The higher risk is women with waist size of 80 cm or more and Asian men with waist measurements of 90 cm or more.
- Ethnic Factors. Asian ethnicians have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Prediabetes, the condition of blood sugar levels that always exceeds normal, but has not reached the stage of diabetes. If you experience this condition, then the risk of developing diabetes is also increasing.
- Gestational diabetes. Women who have experienced this condition have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.