Causes Of Melanoma Skin Cancer in Humans
Although almost all causes of melanoma skin cancer are related to the effects of ultraviolet light on the skin, the exact cause is still unknown.
Sunlight is a major source of ultraviolet that can affect the skin. In most cases, melanoma is thought to be caused by exposure to sunlight. But know that not all melanomas are associated with ultraviolet light exposure, as these conditions can still appear on areas of the skin that are rarely exposed to sunlight.
There are two main types of ultraviolet light that can penetrate the ozone layer in the earth’s atmosphere, namely ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB). If too long and repeatedly exposed to UVA and UVB, the skin will be damaged and make it more susceptible to skin cancer (including melanoma).
All of the factors below make your skin more sensitive to the harmful effects of sunlight. Factors that may increase the risk of developing melanoma include:
- Have lots of moles.
- Has a lot of spots on the skin.
- There are areas of skin that have been burned or after treatment with radiotherapy.
- Pale skin is flammable and skin is difficult to turn black.
- Have blue eyes and reddish or blond hair.
- Aging age.
- Experiencing a condition that lowers the immune system, such as HIV.
- Drugs that lower the immune system (immunosuppression), usually this type of drug consumed after undergoing organ transplants.
- Ever been diagnosed with skin cancer.
- There are family members who suffer from melanoma as well as other types of skin cancer.
- Exposure to chemical compounds in the form of arsenic compounds or creosote pepticide products.