Causes of Genital Herpes in Men and Women
Causes of genital herpes by herpes simplex virus or HSV which is generally transmitted through vaginal, oral, and anal sex. There are two types of herpes simplex virus, namely HSV type 1 and HSV type 2. Genital herpes is generally caused by type 2 HSV. HSV type 1 often causes herpes in the oral cavity, or often called cold sores. But did not rule out that genital herpes is also caused by HSV type 1.
The spread of this virus occurs through direct contact with a partner infected by HSV. This can happen even if the infected person does not experience any symptoms. This virus spreads through the moist part of the walls of the genital skin, mouth, and anus. In addition, the virus can also spread through herpes lesions and can occur around the mouth, eyes, and other body parts.
Genital herpes can not spread through intermediate substances, except with the sexual aids used by herpes sufferers. Equipment such as towels, cutlery, and toothbrushes generally can not be an intermediary for the spread of this virus. Therefore, the virus will not be able to survive long apart from the skin.
Genital herpes is highly contagious. Once infected, the body of the sufferer will forever have this virus. HSV can be latent for some time before it becomes active again. This is what causes genital herpes to recur.
HSV virus will return to active when the body’s defense system decreases. This can happen when the patient is having an infection, is experiencing periods of stress, is undergoing chemotherapy as a step of cancer treatment, or exposed to the HIV virus. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can also trigger HSV virus to reactivate.