Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease in Humans
Certain conditions or diseases that put pressure on the kidneys are a major causes of chronic kidney disease. Excess pressure that drains the heart through large and small blood vessels can damage organs, including the kidneys. Kidney disease is mainly caused by high blood pressure or hypertension and diabetes.
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease in Diabetes
Diabetes is one of the main causes of chronic renal failure. There are two main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is a condition when the body does not or produces little insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes is a condition when the production of insulin is sufficient, but the body does not
Using insulin effectively.
Insulin is needed by the body to perform the following functions:
- Set the glucose (sugar) level in the blood.
- Restricting glucose does not rise too high after meals.
- Keeping the glucose level down is not too low at intervals between meals.
If the glucose in the blood is too high, it can affect the kidneys’ ability to filter impurities in the blood by damaging the kidney filtering system. So it is very important for diabetics to maintain their glucose level (blood sugar) through a healthy diet and taking antidiabetic drugs according to the rules of the doctor.
Kidney failure is estimated to affect about 1-2 of 5 people with type 1 diabetes before they reach 50 years of age. It also occurs in people with type 2 diabetes who 1 in 3 of whom also experience signs of kidney damage.
The annual kidney function tests will be recommended by doctors to allow for kidney disorders to be detected as soon as possible.
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease in High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the amount of pressure the heart produces when pumping blood into the arteries in each pulse. Blood pressure is often associated with kidney disease because excessive blood pressure can damage your organs.
Hypertension inhibits the screening process in the kidneys work well. This condition damages the kidneys by pressing on small blood vessels within the organ.
Although 9 out of 10 causes of high blood pressure cases is unknown, there is a link between the condition and the overall health of the body, including diet and lifestyle.
People who have a condition or have certain habits are more at risk of developing hypertension, such as: lack of exercise, smoking habits, stress, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, old age, family members who have hypertension, too much salt and fat in the food consumed .
Other Things That Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
There are some other conditions that are more uncommon, but also at risk of causing chronic kidney disease are:
- Polycystic kidney disorder: the condition when both kidneys are larger than normal because of the mass of cysts. This condition is a derived condition.
- Glomerulonephitis or inflammation of the kidneys.
- Pielonephritis or infection of the kidneys.
- Blockage or long-term disorders of the urinary tract, such as those caused by kidney stones or prostate disorders
- A condition that causes urine back into the kidney, called vesicoureteral reflux.
- Regular use of certain drugs in the long term, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin and ibuprofen.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (a condition in which the immune system attacks and recognizes the kidney as a foreign tissue).
- Failure of kidney growth in the fetus when in the womb.