Brain Cancer Diagnosis in Humans
A severe and sustained headache is one of the symptoms of brain cancer. For a brain cancer diagnosis, try to consult your doctor if you experience it as a first aid action. You can then be referred to a specialist.
The doctor will check the nerve endings of the eye on the retinal lining (the innermost layer) of the eyeball, when bubbling means there is an increase in pressure inside the head cavity. This could be a sign of a tumor. If there is suspected growth, you should see a specialist brain and nerve (neurological).
Medical history and symptoms that have been experienced will be questioned by a specialist. Your nervous system will be examined and some checks include:
- Hearing and sight
- The facial muscles (the ability to smile or grin)
- Swallowing reflex movement as well as knee lift reflex
- Skin sensitivity to small, hot, and cold wounds
- Strength, balance, and body coordination
- Mental agility (simple or arithmetic questions)
The basis used to determine the diagnosis of brain cancer is a symptom experienced, a physical examination and a specific test result.
- CT Scan – imaging details of the brain using X-rays.
- MRI Scan – imaging details of the brain using strong magnetic fields and radio waves.
- EEG – an electrode that records brain activity.
- PET Scan – imaging details of the brain in three dimensions.
- Angiogram – imaging details of blood vessels using X-rays.
- Lumbar puncture – the removal of cerebrospinal fluid from the spinal cord to be analyzed.
- Biopsy – tissue sampling is performed to determine the type of tumor and its treatment.