Blood Disorders List in Medical
Blood disorders are conditions that affect one or several parts of the blood so that blood does not work normally. The following blood disorders list may be acute or chronic. Most of these conditions are hereditary.
Blood contains liquids and solids. The liquid part is called blood plasma. More than half the blood is a plasma. Plasma consists of water, protein, and salt. While the solid part is the blood cells consisting of red blood cells, white blood cells, and blood chips (platelets).
Blood disorders will affect the function of these blood cells, such as a red blood cell disorder in charge of transporting oxygen to body tissues, white blood cells that fight infection, platelets that help blood clotting, and plasma. Treatment of blood disorders depends on which part of the blood is affected, and the severity of it.
Here are some blood disorders that affect red blood cells:
- Malaria Malaria spreads through the bite of a mosquito that has been infected with the parasite. Parasites that enter human blood will infect red blood cells and damage the cells. Not only cause symptoms of fever and chills, damage to red blood cells can also cause damage to organs.
- Anemia This condition occurs when a person has a low red blood cell count. In the case of mild and moderate anemia, symptoms usually will not arise. However, if the anemia is severe enough, the patient will appear pale, feel tired, and experience shortness of breath. Anemia may occur due to excessive bleeding, iron deficiency, or vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Aplastic Anemia This condition occurs when the bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells, one of which is a red blood cell. To deal with this condition several ways such as blood transfusion, bone marrow transplant, and medication may be used. Aplastic anemia can be caused by viral infections, autoimmune diseases, or side effects of drug use.
- Autoimmune Anemia Hemolytic In this condition, the immune system becomes overactive and mistakenly destroys red blood cells, causing anemia. Patients with anemia autouimun hemolitik will need drugs that work to suppress the immune system so as not to destroy the cells and tissues.
- Sickle Cell Anemia This condition causes red blood cells to become sticky and stiff, ultimately blocking blood flow. Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disease. Patients with this condition can experience organ damage and pain that is unbearable.
- Polycythemia Vera This condition occurs when the body produces too many blood cells without a clear cause. Excess red blood cells can cause blockage of blood flow in some people.
Here is a blood disorder that affects white blood cells.
- Leukemia Leukemia is divided into two types, namely acute and chronic. Leukemia is one form of blood cancer in which white blood cells become malignant and are produced excessively in the bone marrow.
- Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer that occurs when white blood cells become malignant. White blood cells will be produced multiple times and release abnormal proteins that can damage organs. This condition should be treated with chemotherapy and / or stem cell transplantation.
- Myelodysplasia Syndrome This is one form of blood cancer that affects the bone marrow. Myelodysplasia syndrome often develops slowly, but it can change suddenly and become leukemia at a serious level. Treatment of this condition can be done through blood transfusion, chemotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.
- Lymphoma This is a blood cancer that develops in the lymph system. White blood cells in people with lymphoma will become malignant, spread abnormally, and multiply uncontrollably. Treatment of this condition is usually done with chemotherapy and / or by radiation.
The following are blood disorders that affect platelets:
- Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) This is a specific autoimmune disorder that affects the amount of platelets or blood platelets. Platelets serve to help the blood clotting process in the event of bleeding. Patients with Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) will be easily bruised or can experience excessive bleeding due to low platelet counts in the body. The goal of ITP treatment is that the levels of platelets in the body is maintained and can prevent excessive bleeding.
- Thrombocytopenia This condition occurs when the amount of platelets in the body is low. Thrombocytopenia can occur in several diseases, such as dengue hemorrhagic (DHF), leukemia or immune system disorders. Conditions that can be experienced by adults and children, can also occur due to the use of certain drugs. Treatment of thrombocytopenia can be done through drug administration, blood transfusion / platelets, or surgery, depending on the underlying health problem.
Here is a blood disorder that affects blood plasma:
- Hemophilia Hemophilia is a hereditary disorder that can cause abnormal bleeding. This is caused by blood plasma that does not have enough protein that is important in the blood clotting process.
- Sepsis Sepsis or also called blood poisoning is an excessive immune system reaction against infections that have spread in the blood. The body releases chemical compounds into the blood to fight off the infection, which eventually triggers an extensive inflammatory reaction. Symptoms arising from this condition include decreased urinary intensity, increased pulse rate, rapid breathing, fever, low blood pressure, and organ failure.
- Hypercoagulable Disease In this condition, the blood becomes easily frozen or clot. Hypercoagulation can be triggered by many things, one of which is heredity. Other conditions that can be the trigger is surgery, cancer, pregnancy, smoking, or use of birth control pills. Hypercoagulable disease should be treated by administration of blood-thinning drugs.
- Von Willebrand Disease The conditions that can cause excessive bleeding are generally hereditary. Von Willebrand disease is caused by a lack of protein levels or abnormalities in proteins that help the blood clotting process. People who experience this condition take longer to freeze the blood, resulting in bleeding difficult to stop.