Blackheads Meaning in Medical
Blackheads meaning are small bumps (papules) on black surfaces. Blackheads are a kind of mild acne that generally appears on the face. In addition to face, blackheads can also appear on the neck, chest, shoulders, back and arms.
Blackhead itself is divided into many types, namely:
- Open blackheads (blackheads). Information on symptoms, causes, and treatment for blackheads will be discussed on this page.
- Closed comedone (blackheads), is a type of blackhead where hair follicles are completely clogged.
- Mikrokomedo, is a very small comedo that is not visible to the eye.
- Macrokomedo, is a white comedo with a diameter of 2-3 mm.
- Gigantic blackheads, a type of cyst where there is a black open end on it.
- Blackheads of solar, often found in areas of cheek and chin in the elderly, and exposure to sunlight is suspected to be the cause.
Symptoms of blackheads
Blackhead lumps that are very small and black on the surface of the skin will be easily visible to us by naked eye. Because there is no inflammation, blackheads do not hurt. Blackheads may become inflamed if they are pricked or scratched.
Causes of blackheads
Each hair follicle consists of a hair and oil glands (sebum) that serves to keep skin smooth. Blackheads are caused by dead skin cells and oil collected at the outer end of the skin follicle. Since the skin above the blackheads is exposed and exposed to air, the blackhead color becomes black.
There are several factors that can trigger the growth of blackheads, including:
- Increased number of bacteria propionibacterium acnes on the surface of the skin.
- Hair follicle irritation that causes dead skin cells does not fall off regularly.
- Experiencing hormonal changes that lead to increased oil production, especially during adolescence and during menstruation.
- Consume certain drugs, such as steroids, lithium, or birth control pills.
- Skin that is too dry before menstruation due to the use of skin moisturizer or in the humid weather.
- Wear products with certain chemicals, including oily pomade and some hair dye.
- Certain foods may cause blackheads, such as dairy products and foods with high glycemic index (high sugar and fat content).
- Hair follicles that fall out due to injury, for example due to squeezing pimples, side effects chemical peels (skin cleansing techniques by peeling using a chemical solution), or side effects of laser treatment.
Treatment to combat blackheads can be done independently at home. If you have blackheads on the face, wash your face twice a day using mild soap. If you are a woman, do not forget to always choose cosmetic products that do not contain oil. Eat foods low in sugar and fat, and limit consumption of dairy foods. Also stop smoking if you are a smoker.
In addition to self-care, you can also treat blackheads by using drugs that are sold freely on the market, which contains benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or resorcinol. The drugs are available in the form of creams, gels, or patches that are attached to the skin. The purpose of handling blackheads with drugs is to kill bacteria, reduce excess oil, and help the process of threshing dead skin cells.
If over-the-counter medicines can not help combat blackheads, then consider using a medicine from a doctor. In this case, the doctor may prescribe tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene. The three drugs that contain vitamin A works by preventing the formation of blockages in hair follicles and also accelerate the turn of skin cells. For cases of blackheads accompanied by acne cysts and ulcers, the doctor may prescribe drugs containing benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics.
In addition to using the above drugs, blackheads can also be handled through the following methods (usually performed by a dermatologist), among them:
- Manually remove blackheads. Dermatologist or dermatologist will wear a special tool made of metal with a small circle at the end to remove the blockage that causes blackheads.
- Laser therapy and light. Therapy using this light energy can decrease excess oil production in the skin and kill the bacteria that cause blackheads. This therapy can treat blackheads and pimples without damaging the outer skin surface.
- Chemical peels. Here, the specialist will use chemicals to peel away dead skin cells. After exfoliation is done, then a smoother skin will be visible.
- Microdermabrasion. This is a skin cleansing method of blockage of the cause of blackheads by using a special tool such as a tube that has a rough texture on its tip surface.
Prevention of Blackheads
Here are some ways you can do yourself to prevent the emergence of blackheads.
- Wash your face regularly. Washing your face before and after sleep can remove the buildup of oil that causes blackheads, especially if you have previously eaten oily foods (oil from food can clog pores). Use mild and soft soap.Try not to wash your face more than twice a day because it risks exacerbating existing acne and irritating the skin.
- Wash your hair every day. Wash your hair every day, especially when your hair is oily. Hair oil can cause clogged pores that eventually lead to blackheads.
- Using a dead skin peel product. Try using skin peel products such as scrubs and face masks to remove dead skin cells from the face. Look for products that do not irritate the skin. Should ask your doctor about a safe product.
- Use products that do not contain oil. Choose makeup, lotions, and sunscreens that do not contain oil. Some beauty products that contain oil can aggravate blackheads.