What is Bird Flu Singapore?
Bird Flu Singapore or commonly known as Legal, Hand, and Mouth disease is a contagious infection caused by a virus. This disease usually affects small children but can also occur in adults.
Bird Flu Singapore sufferers typically experience water droplets and injuries around or in the mouth, hands and feet. But, sometimes the injuries also appear in the elbows, buttocks, knees, and groin folds.
Bird Flu Singapore Symptoms
Bird Flu Singapore incubation period lasts approximately one week before the appearance of signs and symptoms, namely:
- High fever.
- Sore throat.
- Loss of appetite.
- Appearing red blister-like injuries on the tongue, gums, and inside of the cheeks.
- Red rash
- Infants and toddlers will be fussy and irritable.
- Stomach ache.
Generally, Bird Flu Singapore illness begins with the emergence of fever. After that, about a day or two, there will be ulcers or wounds around the gums, tongue, and inner cheeks. This condition can make you sick when drinking, eating, or swallowing. Not long after, rashes appear around the palms of the hands and feet, as well as sometimes on the buttocks and crotch.
Most Bird Flu Singapore cases, patients do not need medical help, because the symptoms of the disease will subside by itself within seven days without any treatment. But if the patient is dehydrated, symptoms do not improve within a week, and other physical symptoms appear, immediately consult a doctor.
Causes of Bird Flu Singapore
A group of viruses called enterovirus A is the cause of flu Singapore. Coxsackie virus A16, A6, A10, and enterovirus 71 are the types of enterovirus A that most commonly cause of Bird Flu Singapore.
This type of virus spreads to the tissues in the mouth, around the tonsils, and into the digestive system. Until finally spread throughout the body through the bloodstream. But before the virus spreads to the vital organs, the body’s immune system will control it.
The main source of this virus group spread is through the mouth. The spread of Bird Flu Singapore from one person to another is a direct contact with the patient, through:
- The fluid from the nose and throat that comes out while sneezing.
- Saliva or saliva that is thrown into the air when coughing.
- The fluid that comes from the blister sores.
- Surface objects that have been contaminated by the stool of the patient (stool).
Diagnosis of Bird Flu Singapore
Bird Flu Singapore symptoms and symptoms can be caused by various viruses. There are several things that can differentiate Bird Flu Singapore symptoms with other diseases, namely:
- Pattern of the symptoms that occur. The order of occurrence of symptoms can determine whether a person is stricken with Bird Flu Singapore or not. Bird Flu Singapore symptoms usually begin with fever and sore throat. Then followed by the appearance of injuries in the mouth, as well as rash on the hands and feet.
- Patient age. Bird Flu Singapore commonly occurs in children under 10 years old.
- The shape and size of the wound. The size of the wound can differentiate Bird Flu Singapore from other diseases. Bird Flu Singapore has a wound size smaller than smallpox.
Evaluation results of some of the above is usually enough to be a doctor’s diagnosis. But if still not convinced, the doctor will usually take a sample of fluid (from skin, throat, or rectum), blood, or stool to be investigated in the laboratory.
Treatment and Prevention of Bird Flu Singapore
Generally, Bird Flu Singapore does not require treatment. This condition usually recovers on its own after about a week. Bird Flu Singapore is caused by a virus, so you can not take antibiotics to ease it. However, you can do some of your own treatments to relieve the symptoms:
- To relieve pain and fever, give paracetamol or ibuprofen. Do not give aspirin to children and adolescents under the age of 16, because of the risk of developing Reye syndrome.
- Get enough rest and give plenty of cold drinks to reduce the pain in the throat.
- Do not give food or drink acid and spicy, because it can make the wound in the mouth and will feel more sore. Give soft food and soup, as this will make them difficult to swallow.
- Maintaining body hygiene may reduce the risk of spreading the Bird Flu Singapore virus. Using an antiseptic containing povidone – iodine can prevent and overcome the occurrence of secondary infection by bacteria. According to one study, povidone – iodine can kill 99.99% of HMFD / BirdFlu Singapore virus within 15 seconds. Povidone-iodine antiseptics are available in a solution for skin and mouth rinse, so they can be used for frictional wounds or scratchy wounds in Bird Flu Singapore blisters commonly found in the mouth, hands or feet.
To reduce the risk of Bird Flu Singapore , there are several ways that can be done:
- Isolate Bird Flu Singapore sufferers. Bird flu Singapore is highly contagious, therefore the sufferer is advised to be isolated until healed.
- Clean up areas suspected of being virus-contaminated. Clean areas that are suspected to be contaminated by viruses (clothes, bed sheets, tables, tableware) using water and soap.
- Keep hand hygiene. Clean hands by using antiseptics, such as solutions containing povidone – iodine. In addition to killing bacteria that can cause secondary infections, povidone-iodine also has a wider viral (virucidal) viral effect than other types of antiseptics. Wash hands regularly, especially after bowel movements, after changing children’s diapers, after preparing food, and before eating.
- Teach children how to keep their own limbs clean, because children under 10 years prone to catch the Bird flu Singapore.
- Avoid sharing equipment or kissing a child who is suffering from Bird flu Singapore.
Bird Singapore Complications
There are some Bird flu Singapore complications, but it is rare. Some Bird flu Singapore complications are:
- Dehydration. Injuries that appear in the oral cavity and throat can make it difficult for the patient to drink fluids, which can make him dehydrated.
- Viral meningitis. Bird flu Singapore viruses can cause viral meningitis, if the virus can enter the brain. Viral meningitis is a membrane infection that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. However, these complications are rare.
- Encephalitis. This is the most serious and most rare complication of the Bird flu Singapore. Encephalitis is a viral infection that causes brain tissue to become swollen and inflamed. Encephalitis can also cause severe brain damage, and eventually lead to death.