Bipolar Disorder Definition By Medical
Bipolar disorder definition is the condition of a person experiencing a mood swings are fluctuating and drastic, for example suddenly become very happy from the previous gloomy. Another name for bipolar disorder is a depressive bead.
There are two episodes in bipolar disorder, ie episodes of mania (up phase) and depression (phase down). In the period of mania, the patient becomes visibly vibrant, energetic, and fast-talking. While in the depression period, the patient will look sad, lethargic, and lost interest in daily activities.
Based on the mood episode turnover, there are some people with bipolar disorder who experience a normal state between mania and depression. There is also a rapid turnaround from mania to depression or vice versa in the absence of a normal period (rapid cycling). In addition, there are also people with bipolar disorder who experience mania and depression simultaneously. For example, when the patient feels very energetic, but at the same time also feel very sad and desperate. This phenomenon is called a mixed state.
Causes of bipolar disorder
Until now, experts do not yet know what causes the occurrence of bipolar disorder. Some argue that this condition is caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters or brain function control agents. In addition, there is also a opinion that bipolar disorder associated with genetic factors (heredity).
Several factors that are thought to increase a person’s risk of bipolar disorder are high levels of stress, traumatic experiences, alcoholism or illicit drugs, and have a family history of close (siblings or parents) suffering from bipolar disorder.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder
It takes psychological evaluation to diagnose bipolar disorder. In this case, the doctor usually asks about the patient’s behavior patterns, the mood he is feeling, and what he thinks. In addition, doctors also usually ask patients or family patients to provide information relating to episodes of mania or depression.
Because there are other conditions that can also cause the same symptoms as bipolar disorder, namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, then physical examination associated with the two diseases should also be done to ensure the patient’s condition.
Treatment of bipolar disorder
The purpose of treating bipolar disorder is to decrease the frequency of episodes of mania and depression in order for the patient to live normally and mingle with the environment.
In addition to improving lifestyle, treatment usually involves the administration of drugs in combination with psychological therapy (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy).