Autism Spectrum Disorder Meaning in Medical
Autism Spectrum Disorder Meaning is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the child’s ability to communicate, social interaction, and behavior. ASD not only includes autism, but also includes Asperger’s syndrome, Heller’s syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder (PPD-NOS).
Based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics, there are approximately 2.4 million people with autism in Indonesia in 2010. The population of Indonesia at that time reached 237.5 million people, meaning there is about one person with autism in every 100 babies born.
It is important to be aware of the symptoms as early as possible, because ASD includes conditions that can not be cured. However, there are different types of treatment and intensive treatment steps that can help autistic people adjust to their daily lives, and achieve their full potential.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
In general, symptoms of autism are detected in early child development before reaching three years. The symptoms and severity of autism also tend to vary with each person. However, these symptoms can be grouped into two main categories.
The first category is a disorder of social interaction and communication. These symptoms may include sensitivity to the social environment and impaired use of verbal and non-verbal language.
While the second category includes a mindset, interests, and behavior that is limited and repetitive. Examples of repetitive movement, such as tapping or squeezing hands, and feel annoyed when the routine is disrupted.
People with autism also tend to have problems with learning and other psychiatric conditions, such as hyperactive disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorders, or depression.
Call your doctor if you are aware of any symptoms of autism or developmental disorders in yourself or your child. Early treatment should be done to improve the effectiveness of this condition.
Causes of Autism Spectrum Disorder And Myth
There are a number of factors, such as genetic and environmental influences, which are thought to cause this disorder. However, the exact cause of autism has not been known to date. In certain cases, autism may also be triggered by certain diseases.
In addition, there are some other things that are also considered as triggers autism. However, these assumptions and assumptions have been shown to be unrelated to autism based on various medical studies. A number of these myths include:
- Thiomersal compounds containing mercury (used as preservatives for some vaccines).
- Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccines. This vaccine was once suspected as a cause of autism so many parents are reluctant to give it to their child.
- Diet, such as eating gluten or dairy products.
- Child care pattern.
Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Adults The problem
The condition of autism is sometimes only detected until adult. Adult diagnosis can help families and families understand autism and decide what kind of help they need.
Some adults with autism find it difficult to find work because of the demands and social changes in the job. A special autism service center can help them to find a job that suits their abilities.