Anxiety Disorders Meaning By Medical
Anxiety disorder meaning is anxiety or worry overload and uncontrollable so that interfere with the daily activities of the sufferer. This long-term condition can be experienced by both children and adults.
Common Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
Common anxiety disorders have very diverse symptoms. Symptoms of this condition can affect the sufferer, both psychologically and physically. Some psychological related symptoms include:
- Always anxious, even for trivial things.
- Restless and unable to calm down.
- Fear, especially in deciding things.
- Always tense.
- Difficult concentration.
While symptoms related to physical health include:
- Stomach ache.
- The aching muscles are always tense.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Dry mouth.
- Shortness of breath.
- Easily surprised.
- Excessive sweating.
Anxiety is something that happens to everybody. But if a person is always worried about everything and his anxiety does not go away until it affects his daily life, you should see a doctor to be handled properly.
General Anxiety Risk Factors
The cause behind general anxiety disorder is not known for certain to date. Experts suspect this condition can occur due to a combination of a number of factors, for example:
- Never experienced trauma, such as domestic violence (domestic violence) and bullying.
- Excessive activity of the part of the brain that controls emotions and behavior.
- The unbalanced serotonin and noradrenaline compounds in the patient’s brain.
- Hereditary factors. People who have close relatives with generalized anxiety disorders have a 5-fold greater risk of developing similar conditions.
- Gender. Women are also believed to be more susceptible to suffering from this disorder.
- Never use illegal drugs or consume liquor.
General Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis
Common anxiety disorders are usually difficult to recognize, especially as symptoms tend to be similar to other psychological disorders. Therefore, many experts use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria to diagnose this disorder. The DSM-5 criteria for anxiety disorders include:
- Almost every day experiencing excessive anxiety within a period of at least 6 months.
- Difficult to control feelings of anxiety.
- Anxiety that dominates and influences everyday life, including work.
- Experiencing 3 symptoms between madness, fatigue, anxiety, muscle tension, or insomnia for adults, and 1 among these symptoms for children.
- Anxiety that is not related to other psychological conditions (such as PTSD or panic attacks), certain diseases, or the use of illegal drugs.
General Anxiety Disorder Treatment
There are two main steps in dealing with generalized anxiety disorder, namely through psychological therapy and drugs. Both of these steps will usually be combined in accordance with the patient’s needs.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective method of dealing with generalized anxiety disorders. Through this therapy, sufferers will recognize and understand the impact of their problems, feelings, and behavior on each other. Specific techniques for dealing with anxiety will also be taught in CBT, such as a technique of relaxing tense muscles quickly while in anxiety-triggering situations.
In addition to therapy, medications may be recommended to treat generalized anxiety disorders. Discuss with your doctor about the type of medication that is suitable for your condition, for example the duration of treatment to be lived as well as side effects. Some types of drugs that are usually given include:
- Antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). This is the most common medication in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
- Pregabalin. This drug is classified as an anticonvulsant that is usually used to treat epilepsy.
- Benzodiazepine. Drugs that enter into this class of sedatives should be avoided by patients who consume alcohol or illegal drugs.
In addition to medical treatment, general anxiety disorder sufferers can do the following things independently to relieve the symptoms they experience:
- Exercise regularly.
- Perform relaxation techniques, such as yoga.
- Avoid caffeine, smoking, and alcohol consumption.