What is Alcoholic Ketoacidosis?
Alcoholic ketoacidosis is a condition when there is a buildup of ketones in the blood. Ketones are actually substances formation of fat burning residues in the body in an effort to generate energy. The buildup of ketone acids can cause some symptoms, such as:
- Missing appetite
- Movement becomes sluggish
- Vomiting continuously
- Stomach ache
- The body feels tired
- Often feel thirsty
- Looks restless and restless
- Seem confused
- Breath becomes rapid, deep, and irregular (Kussmaul’s breathing)
- Decreased levels of alertness
Alcoholic ketoacidosis is a serious condition that is at risk of causing death. Therefore, if you experience any of the above symptoms or see a person experiencing it, go immediately to the hospital.
Causes of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis
Excessive consumption of alcohol in the long run is a cause of alcoholic ketoacidosis. Someone who is addicted to alcoholic drinks tends to ignore mealtimes. In addition, uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages often causes vomiting.
A deficiency in food intake compounded by vomiting causes the body to starve which results in reduced insulin production and result in energy deficiency. Furthermore, the body will automatically burn fat constantly to supply energy for the body. Continuous fat burning is what triggers the buildup of ketone acids and leads to ketoacidosis.
Diagnosis of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis
A person may be suspected of a doctor suffering from alcoholic ketoacidosis if the symptoms that the patient feels and the level of his alcoholic addiction leads to the condition. But to be more sure, the doctor will suggest advanced examination procedures that include:
- Examination of ketone levels in the urine
- Examination of alcohol levels in the blood
- Examination of oxygen levels in the blood
- Electrolyte level examination
- Blood platelet examination
- Examination of red and white blood cell count
- Toxicology tests to detect toxins
- Examination of other chemicals in the blood
Treatment of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis
A person suffering from alcoholic ketoasis should receive hospitalization. In the hospital, patients will be given intravenous fluids, nutrients, and vitamins to replace fluids and nutrients lost body. In principle, therapeutic treatment of alcoholic ketoacidosis mainly overcomes:
- Decreased extracellular fluid
- Decrease in glycogen (muscle sugars)
- Improved ratio of NADH to NAD +
Therefore, the infusion fluid administered is usually a physiological saline solution and a sugar solution (dextrose). Provision of drugs to prevent side effects of alcoholic drink addiction is also likely to be done.
In addition, the doctor will routinely monitor the breath, blood pressure, and heart rate of the patient. Blood tests will also be done routinely so that the development of the patient’s condition can be known. Referral of patient to intensive care unit (Intensive Care Unit) can be done if deemed necessary.
Complications of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis
Complications arising from alcoholic ketoacidosis are considered dangerous because of the risk of life threatening a person. Some examples of such complications include:
- Bleeding in the gastrointestinal system
- Inflammation of the pancreas