Alcohol Addiction Definition By Medical
Alcohol addiction definition is a condition when a person can not escape from the use of the substance with no recognition of the situation. Addicts will spend a lot of time drinking alcohol and automatically this habit makes alcohol content consumed becomes uncontrolled.
In addition to being harmful to health and personal safety (eg when driving in the influence of alcohol), alcoholism can also damage the lives of its hostages. Generally can be seen in the quality of work in the office that became messy or educational achievement that decreased dramatically. The addict’s relationship with the people around him becomes tenuous, including with a partner.
Health Problems Lurking Alcoholics
Continuous consumption of unlimited amounts of alcohol eventually causes health problems, including:
- Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
- Immunity declines
- Liver disease
- Bone damage
- Heart disease
- Neurological disease
- Impaired vision
- Sexual dysfunction
- Menstrual disorders and miscarriage in women
- Some cancers, such as colon cancer, liver cancer, oral cancer
The alcohol that enters our body will be digested and absorbed by the blood to circulate to all organs, including the brain, and suppress the central nervous system in it. In small amounts, alcohol can produce a calm effect, but vary in large quantities. In excessive amounts, these substances can have an intoxicating effect characterized by mental and behavioral changes, as well as loss of balance. Even if the levels of alcohol in the blood are too high, it can lead to coma or death.
Causes of Alcohol Addiction
Alcohol addiction can be experienced by people at any age. However, most cases occur in the age group of 20s and 30s years. There are a number of factors that can cause a person to become addicted to alcohol.
One risk factor is a psychological disorder, such as due to stress, depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. A small number of people become addicted because they like the taste of the drink. But in general, people become addicted to consuming alcoholic beverages because it makes it a way out in forgetting the stress or depression of the problems in private life.
The social environment can also be a risk factor. If people in the neighborhood or around our dwellings are fond of liquor, then it is not impossible that the situation can have an “infectious” effect and eventually we become addicted to alcohol.
Alcohol can indeed stimulate the brain and has a calming effect. Usually when a person is accustomed to liquor, the resulting effect is no longer the same as when you first tried it. Therefore, for people who are already addicted, the portion of their alcohol doses will continue to increase in order to keep feeling the desired calming effect.
Another triggering factor that may trigger a person to become addicted to alcoholic beverages is the genetic family. It is believed that those who have parents or close relatives who are fond of liquor will have a higher risk of having similar habits.
Diagnosis of Alcohol Addiction
To find out if a patient has been addicted to alcohol, the examination can begin by collecting data about the frequency of drinking, behavior patterns, psychological conditions, and symptoms that arise. This data can be obtained by doctors through questions raised on the patient itself or the family and friends who accompany. In addition, data can also be obtained through a questionnaire filling system. The collected data will then be evaluated.
In the case of alcoholism, physical examination and laboratory tests can be performed to determine the health complications (eg organ damage) that arise from alcohol.
Treatment of Alcohol Addiction
Treatment of alcoholism is usually done through therapy and counseling, either at the hospital or at the rehabilitation site, under the guidance of experts regarding the condition. The success or failure of alcohol addiction treatment depends on the strong will from inside the addict to be free from the bondage of the substance.
Usually during therapy, addicts will be asked to reduce the dose of consumption. As this is accomplished, usually addicts will experience withdrawal symptoms such as:
- Sweating constantly
- Anxiety arises
- Hand shaking or tremor
- Insomnia or difficulty sleeping
- Nausea and vomiting
- Irregular heartbeat
- Seizures (rare)
To reduce the severity of the withdrawal symptoms, your doctor or therapist may prescribe chlordiazepoxide medication if necessary. Meanwhile, to reduce the desire to consume alcoholic beverages, drugs and acamprosate naltrexone can be prescribed by a doctor.
Prevent Alcohol Addiction
In order for ourselves not to fall into alcohol dependence, apply a healthy lifestyle, such as regular exercise, prioritizing nutritious food, prevent stress, and enough sleep a day. Do not ignore the religious values because this way also contributes in the effort to prevent ourselves entangled alcoholic beverages.
If there are friends who like liquor and happen to invite you to participate, then you have to be firm and refuse their invitation. If necessary, advise them that you are not consuming alcoholic beverages. At first you may be labeled unpleasant or disloyal friend. This risk often occurs in friendships. But be consistent in your position because gradually they will get used to and appreciate yourself.
If you are a parent with teenagers, be aware of the following signs as they may signal that your child is addicted to alcohol.
- Changing moods and behaviors.
- Be quiet and aloof.
- No longer interested in channeling hobbies or not interested in doing positive activities.
- Decrease in achievement in school or college.
- The eyes look glazed and red.
- Reduced memory and speech change.
- Be lazy in taking care of the appearance and cleanliness of the body.
- Make friends with people who are suspected as drinkers.
As parents, we must always maintain intimacy and communication with children without making them feel uncomfortable. Approach a loving, understanding parent. Explain to them the dangers of alcoholism and give them an idea of the consequences if they are addicted to the substance. This sample image you can get from books, internet, or real life.
If necessary, you can make strict rules about alcohol and the sanctions your child gets in violation.