8 Most Common Acne Causes in Teen and Adults
Acne Causes in Teen and Adults – Acne can occur when the hair follicle is blocked by mixing dead skin cells, dirt, and sebum (a substance that produces oil glands that help prevent dryness of the skin). Then, there may be bacterial infections that cause inflammation in the blockage area.
In the case of blackheads, the blockage of the follicle opens the skin pores. In contrast to the case of whiteheads, the follicle blockage is located not far below the surface of the skin and creates a bulge. Normal acne and blackheads should not be taken lightly because the condition can develop into severe acne, such as developing into pustules, papules, nodules, or even cysts if the follicle blockage is also infected by skin bacteria.
There are several factors that can trigger or increase a person’s risk of experiencing acne, including:
- Hormonal changes. It is thought that acne that occurs in adults is caused by changes in hormone levels. Eight out of ten cases of acne in adults, occurs in women, because women are more likely to experience hormonal changes during certain periods of time, ie, menstruation and pregnancy. Acne often appears in some women before the menstrual period. Whereas in pregnant women, acne usually appears in the first three months of pregnancy. For women who have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, in addition to the appearance of acne, weight gain and the appearance of a small cyst inside the ovary may also occur.
- Puberty. This is usually experienced by adolescents. At puberty, the production of sebum by the oil glands will increase along with the high production of testosterone. And sometimes, the production of sebum exceeds the quantity needed by the skin.
- Side effects of cosmetic use.
- Irritation due to wearing objects. Acne spots can also occur due to friction or pressure from the material we use on the skin constantly. For example, spots that appear on the forehead from too often wearing headbands and spots on the back due to routinely wearing a backpack.
- Addicted to smoking.
- Drug side effects. This usually occurs in the use of lihium, steroid, and antiepileptic drugs. Vitamins B2, B6, and B12 supplements can also cause acne-like side effects.
- Heredity. If we have parents who have had problems with acne, then we are at great risk of experiencing the same thing. Even the severity of acne can be even higher especially before entering adulthood. In addition, if our parents still have problems with acne, then we are also at risk of experiencing the same despite entering adulthood.
Many do not really understand acne, although it is one of the skin problems experienced by most people. Incomplete comprehension often raises a number of unreasonable assumptions about acne, for example:
- A person will be infected by acne experienced by others.
- Meremaskomedo is the best way to get rid of acne. In fact, squeezing acne will only make the symptoms worse, can even leave a scar.
- Sexual activity can have an effect on the appearance of acne.
- Acne is caused by poor diet.
- Poor hygiene or dirty skin can cause acne.
- Sunbathing both naturally and artificially, can treat acne symptoms.
All of the above assumptions are incorrect. One important thing about skin hygiene, namely skin hygiene is not related to the appearance of acne because of acne arising from biological reactions that occur behind the skin surface. Precisely our skin condition will worsen if we wash my face more than twice a day when being pimpled.
There is no definitive proof that basking in the sun or sunbathing with artificial techniques can treat acne. Many acne medications that actually make our skin become more sensitive to light. As a result, exposure to light can cause damaged skin, even the risk of skin cancer can increase.
According to information from a number of sites, toothpaste can dry out acne. Although toothpaste does contain antibacterial substances, but toothpaste also contains substances that can make skin irritated and damaged. Therefore, the use of toothpaste to treat acne is not recommended. Pharmacists or doctors can advise on a much safer and effective treatment.